Odessa Opera and Ballet TheatreThe first building of Odessa theatre was built in 1810 during the reign of Richelieu as Odessa governor. Unfortunately, its existence did not last long as it was wooden. In 1873 it was completely destroyed by fire. Only in a while, in 1884 the Viennese architects Fellner and Helmer started to build the new one which was erected in 1887. The façade composition has sculpture groups which represent muses of comedy, tragedy, music and dance. The interior is also amazing: the auditorium was constructed in French rococo style and decorated with golden leaf. Odessa National Opera and Ballet Theatre is among best European theatres as for the acoustics.
Odessa Opera schedule helps to choose appropriate date for your visit.
Archaeology MuseumOdessa Archaeology museum is one of the oldest museums not only in Ukraine but also in the whole ex-USSR, was founded in 1825. Now collection exceeds over 160 thousands of exhibits, being one of the biggest collections of materials and artifacts on northern Black Sea region history. Entering into the first exhibition hall of the museum you will find paths left by Greek colonists in Odessa and at the whole northern Black Sea region. Next halls dedicated to the culture of Scyths and Sarmaths tribes settled steppes of Black Sea region. Museum has its Golden Treasury room (one of three in Ukraine). The Golden Treasury of the Archaeology museum includes collection of gold belongings excavated from the Scythian and Sarmathian tombs, also there are gold and silver coins of ancient Greece and Rome, Byzantine and Russian empires etc.
Potemkin StaircasePotemkin Staircase is a true business card of Odessa. It is a front entrance to the city from the sea terminal. Except of being a strengthening construction, Potemkin Staircase is one of the most beautiful staircases of Europe. It was constructed by the project of architect Boffo in the beginning of the XIX century. First, it was wooden one and consisted of 200 steps but in a while it was reconstructed with stone and now it has 192 steps and 10 stair flights. Capturing Potemkin Staircase in the movie "Battleship Potemkin", director S. Eisenstein made it recognizable all over the world.
Tolstoy PalaceThe architectural complex constructed in 1832 by the project of architect Boffo for nobleman count Tolstoy. The White Hall, Silk Lounge and Marble Lounge (where by legend played Franz Liszt), Nut-tree reception room will charm you with its original furniture and rich decoration. In 1887 the architectural complex was complemented by picture gallery (Green hall) designed by the Viennese architects Fellner and Helmer(architects who designed Odessa Opera and Ballet Theatre). Up to 1934 palace accommodated Fund of gallery of Russian painting of the Odessa art museum. Tolstoy family left great sign in the history of Odessa by their social and wide philanthropic activity. During 22 years count Tolstoy, the honour Odessa citizen, was guardian of the public Library, which was built on his donation (now it is Odessa state scientist library). Count Tolstoy and his wife were initiators and organizers of foundation of the first Medical Emergency Service in Russia.
Literature Museum (Gagarin Palace)The building was constructed by design of architect Otton in the middle of XIX for nobleman prince Gagarin, one of the first citizens of Odessa. Classicism, Baroque and Empire styles found their reflexion in the interiors of the palace. Each of twenty halls decorated in its own specific style typical for certain period of literature it dedicated too. Rich decorations of Golden hall - the gala hall of the museum, will not leave you untouched. Famous Hungarian virtuoso pianist and composer Franz Liszt performed here, as historians stated. This is the place where declaimed Vladimir (Zeev) Zhabotinski, Odessa ideologist of Israel state creation.
Western & Oriental Art Museum (Abaza Palace)Building constructed under project of architect Otton, in 1920 became this unique museum. Carrera marble staircase leading from the lobby to the originally decorated interiors with the unique works of artists among which there are real masterpieces. Twenty three halls accommodate antique, western-european and oriental departments. Odessa Western and Oriental Arts museum has one of the richest collections at Ukraine, among its exhibits are works of Franz Hals, Caravaggio, Strozzi, Magnasco, porcelain from the best European factories of XVIII - XX cc with sculptures and ceramics from Iran, Tibet, China and Japan.
Odessa Fine Arts MuseumMuseum was opened at a house of prince Pototsky in 1899. The beginning of the museum started from collection of canvases given by Saint-Petersburg Academy of Arts. Twenty six halls store wide range of fine arts : paintings, graphics, sculptures and decoration art, including special room provided for exhibition of Russian and Ukrainian iconographers' works of XVI - XVII. Among its collection - works of famous artists Ayvazovsky, Levitan, Repin, Surikov, Shishkin. One of the best of it parts represented by canvases of XIX and XX centuries Kandinsky, Benois, Kustodiev, Serov, Vrubel, Roerich. Also under museum there is an artificial grotto where classical music performances take place.
Local Lore Museum (Novikov Estate)Museum, neighboring with city garden, located at house that was build in 1876 for well-known Odessa merchant Alexander Novikov. The first exposition opened in August 1944, was "Odessa heroic defense", dedicated to the resistance of Odessa citizens to Nazi during WWII (later this exposition was moved to republican museum of Odessa defense). The actual Local Lore museum was opened on May the 6th, 1956. Documents, decoration arts, numismatic collections, weapon of XVII - XIX, connected with history of Odessa region being a part of History and Antiquities society of Odessa, museum of Book, Old Odessa museum, became funds of Local Lore museum.
PassagePassage is a Baroque style, glass covered trade gallery of numerous department stores which faces a famous Deribasovskaya, the main street of Odessa. The Odessa Passage was built by the famous Polish architect Vlodek, in XIX century. You will have the feeling of surprise when strolling through the arch with mosaic ceiling you get into the world of baroque. It will impress you with sophisticated architecture and sculptural groups with its splendid Statues and alto-relievo.
Filiki EteriaHouse of a famous Greek wheat merchant Grigory Marasli became a shelter for Filiki Eteria and nowadays functions as a museum and the Centre of Greek language and Culture in Odessa. Filiki Eteria in translation from Modern Greek language means 'The unity of friends' and any person of any religion and citizenship could be its member. This unity was founded by the merchants Nikolas Skoufas, Emmanuil Ksanfos and Afanasios Tsakalof in 1814 in Odessa with a goal of organization the Greek revolution in 1821 against Turks.
Odessa CatacombsThe catacombs in Odessa are the underground artificial labyrinths which were created by the first Odessa founders approximately two centuries ago. They were formed as the city-planners were quarrying the limestone for Odessa foundation. During this stone-mining the world longest subterranean passageway was created.
In the very beginning of its existence it was absolutely useless but in a while used by criminals in their selfish ends. During the WWII these labyrinths were used by partisans who organized over there a military camp with an aim of resistance planning. Now the catacombs are one of the main tourist attractions as they became an underground museum.
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